Huangshan History

Mount Huang was formed approximately 100 million years ago and gained its unique rock formations in the Quaternary Glaciation.

During the Qin Dynasty, Mount Huang was known as Yishan (Mount Yi). In 747 AD, its name was changed to Huangshan (Mount Huang) by imperial decree;the name is commonly thought to have been coined in honor of Huang Di (the Yellow Emperor), a legendary Chinese emperor and the mythological ancestor of the Han Chinese;one legend states that Mount Huang was the location from which the Yellow Emperor ascended to Heaven.Another legend states that the Yellow Emperor "cultivated moral character and refined pills of immortality in the mountains, and in so doing gave the mountains his name.The first use of this name "Mount Huang" is often attributed to Chinese poet Li Bai.Mount Huang was fairly inaccessible and little-known in ancient times, but its change of name in 747 AD seems to have brought the area more attention; from then on, the area was visited frequently and many temples were built there.

Mount Huang is known for its stone steps,carved into the side of the mountain, of which there may be more than 60,000 throughout the area.The date at which work on the steps began is unknown, but they have been said to be over 1,500 years old.

Over the years, many scenic spots and physical features on the mountain have been named;many of the names have narratives behind them. For example, one legend tells of a man who did not believe the tales of Mount Huang's beauty and went to the mountains to see for himself; he was almost immediately convinced. One of the peaks he supposedly visited was named Shixin, roughly meaning "believing after seeing."

In 1982, Mount Huang was declared a "site of scenic beauty and historic interest" by the State Council of the People's Republic of China.It was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1990 for its scenery and for its role as a habitat for rare and threatened species.

In 2002, Mount Huang was named the "sister mountain" of Jungfrau in the Swiss Alps.